A brief history of Scicli
The origin of the name of the city is uncertainty: there are those who claim that it derives from Siliqua (carob) and from Sicla, the mint planted there by the Romans. But most scholars agree that the name of the town derives from Siculo, king of the Sicilians, one of the three popu
lations (the other two are the Sicans and the Elymians) who settled in Sicily during the classical era (probably the origin of the city is to be numbered between 1500 BC and 800 BC).
The various research of Scicli tell us that during the period of ancient history, the country, as well as much of Sicily, was dominated by various peoples: Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans and Byzantines. In 864 the Muslims arrived in Scicli.
They changed the name Siculi into “Siklah” or “S. CLAH ” and introduced new cultures such as that of carob, cotton, olive, sugar cane.
From the Normans to Fascism
In 1091 the Normans led by Ruggero d’Altavilla arrived in Scicli, every year this event is recalled and celebrates the Madonna of the “Milici”.
The Angevins also arrived and in 1282 Scicli, Modica and Ragusa, like all the other Sicilian cities, drove them out and took refuge in Malta. Pietro d’Aragona arrived, who ordered the collection of taxes to support the war against the Angevins and also the contribution of the “fedro”, consisting of benefits in kind: cereals, wine, cattle etc … which caused general discontent.
A vast conspiracy was formed against King Peter, who also took part in the Castellani of the County of Modica, which was born right under the Aragonese. Scicli belonged to the county of Modica that existed until 1834. The XVII century is remembered for a series of misfortunes: years of big floods and clouds (1612, 1615, 1618) alternated with years of total drought (1611, 1616); in 1619 there was an invasion of locusts, and in 1626 Scicli was the only village in the county to be invaded by the plague. The century ended with the earthquake of 11 January 1693, due to which all the convents, monasteries and churches collapsed. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are also remembered for the numerous Academies that sprang up throughout Sicily and also in Scicli. The first Academy of Scicli was that of the “Invillupati”, which had life from 1624 to 1693; resources after the earthquake with the name of “Redivivi”. The eighteenth century (eighteenth century) had no particular relief, as the city was engaged in its reconstruction after the earthquake of 1693. In the nineteenth century the provinces were divided into districts and these into districts. Scicli was the district capital of the District of Modica. In this century the various Carbonari movements erupted throughout Italy also had a great echo in Sicily. In 1820 Palermo, Catania, Messina and subsequently other municipalities also arose. The riots of the 20s were followed by those of 1937 and 1948 which were used by Sicily to break away from Naples, giving itself as its Constitution that of 1812. But after 1849, following the propaganda of the Mazzinian Central Committee, the Sicilian patriots embraced the cause of the Italian Unity. The land prepared by the Sicilian conspirators, who had accepted Mazzini’s unitary program, made possible the victory of the Thousand Garibaldini, against the Bourbon troops. Thus it was that on 7 June the people of Scicli proclaimed the annexation to Piedmont, with Garibaldi the supreme dictator of the island. But the Piedmontese government in taking and administering the southern provinces showed that it did not want to take their traditions and their needs into consideration. The Sicilians found themselves subject to a centralizing power that presented the account of liberation by imposing the burden of Public Debt and introducing compulsory military service. The general discontent led to the insurrection of Palermo in 1866, but the insurgents were soon forced to yield. While on the one hand the spirit of rebellion continued to spread in Sicily on the other, the conditions of the working classes became increasingly difficult due to the crisis in agriculture and the lack of industrial resources. The privileged classes saw that the only way to save themselves from economic ruin was to preserve political power by using any means: corruption, intimidation, refusal to hire